SPRING 2017: IMMIGRATION NEWS

SPRING 2017: IMMIGRATION NEWS

At the end of March 2017, IRCC (Immigration, Refugee and Citizenship Canada) and MIDI Quebec (Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Diversité et de l’Inclusion) have announced important steps concerning both the Quebec selection system and the  federal Express Entry (EE) procedures.

MIDI published on March 30, 2017. a Decision on registration of new applications for this year, which seems essentially to keep the way “Mon projet Quebec” works unchanged. It indicates that 5,000 new applications will be accepted starting from a date to be announced later, without any mention  about the coming into force of the system based on declarations of intent that was announced two years ago. In other words, until further notice, we expect the new applications to be accepted on the old “first come, first served” system, with the result that the above mentioned cap will be completed in a few seconds at the starting date of the operation, the way it happened twice in 2016.  It should be noted that the 5000 cap will not  affect the applications submitted under the PEQ (Program de l’expérience Québécoise), or those filed by candidates who have validated job offers or  are actually in Quebec as students or temporary workers. The same decision maintains the suspension concerning the receipt of applications   in the “entrepreneurs” and “travailleurs autonomes” categories.  As regards the investors, it sets a cap of 1900 applications, out of which only 1330 can be filed by  Chinese businessmen.

On 31 March 2017 it was the turn of the Federal Government to reform the Express Entry system.  I would like to remind our readers  that in late 2016 IRCC implemented a  first major change that drastically diminished,  from 600 to 50, the extra points awarded to  holders of LMIA based work permits or of validated  job offers (except only for the senior management positions  who get 200). Shortly thereafter, the minimum score for which IRPA issued ITAs (Invitations to Apply) began to gradually decline, reaching  441points at the last draw.

The new change comes into force on June the 1st 2017 and will introduce two important measures: it will provide additional points to candidates fluent in French and to those who have brothers / sisters permanent residents or Canadian citizens. Thus, it will add 15 points to the score of the candidates who have demonstrated by the TEF test a minimum level 7 of language skills in French according to the CLB (Canadian Language Benchmarks) and a maximum level of 4 for English. In the event that the level of English is at least five, the score will increase with 30 points.  As regards the Canadian siblings, it is interesting to observe that no points are allocated for parents or uncles/aunts, despite the fact that they are still adding points to their relatives under the Federal Skilled Worker Program.  Consequently, starting from June 1, 2017 only the candidates who share at least one parent with a Canadian citizen or resident permanent aged at least 18 will receive 15 additional points.

Let us not forget also that the francophones can also enjoy easier immigration to Canada under the  Ontario’s Express Entry French-Speaking Skilled Worker Stream.

Dan Gheciu

 

 

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ONTARIO HAS RESUMED ACCEPTING NEW APPLICATIONS

ONTARIO HAS RESUMED ACCEPTING NEW APPLICATIONS

Ontario is continuing to help businesses attract the talented people they need to compete globally by accepting more skilled newcomers than ever before through its successful Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP).

Recognizing the success of the OINP and its importance to Ontario’s economy, the federal government has increased the province’s 2017 allocation by 500 nominees to a total of 6,000. Through the OINP, Ontario is able to nominate people for permanent resident status. Nominees include skilled workers, international students, experienced entrepreneurs, and key staff of established foreign corporations seeking to expand into Ontario.

On February 21, 2017 the OINP  opened applications for its three highest-volume streams – the International Masters Graduate Stream, the International PhD Graduate Stream, and the Ontario Express Entry Human Capital Priorities Stream.  It has also continued to accept applications under the Ontario’s Express Entry French-Speaking Skilled Worker Stream.

The quota allocated to the first two above-mentioned streams had been completed in a matter of days.  The streams will re-open after May 1st 2017.  To ensure processing efficiency and quality customer service, the OINP is monitoring the volume of applications to the International Masters Graduate, International PhD Graduate, and Ontario’s Express Entry Human Capital Priorities streams throughout the year.  These streams will be paused and reopened periodically until the province’s 2017 federal allocation is fulfilled.  Stakeholders will be informed when streams are temporarily paused and reopened via the OINP Updates page.

As regards the streams connected to the federal Express Entry system, a nomination by the Province of Ontario will bring to each candidate a plus of 600 points that guarantees the issuance of an Invitation to Apply (ITA) at the very next round of invitations.

The OINP has also modernizing its application process this year with a new, paperless online system, which will speed up the application process, improve customer service, and help employers find the skilled workers they need sooner.

 

 

 

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FALL 2016: MAJOR CHANGES TO THE EXPRESS ENTRY SYSTEM TO COME INTO FORCE

FALL 2016: MAJOR CHANGES TO THE EXPRESS ENTRY SYSTEM TO COME INTO FORCE

Before November 19, 2016

Job offers

The Express Entry Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) awards 600 points for a job that is permanent and is supported by a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).

Education

The Express Entry system only awards points for education overall as long as it has been assessed as equivalent to a Canadian standard.

No additional benefit is awarded specifically to former international students who have received an education in Canada.

Applications

After receiving an invitation to apply, candidates have 60 days to submit a complete application for permanent residence. This includes all documentation such as police certificates and medical exams.

After November 19, 2016

Job offers

On November 19, 2016, the points awarded by the CRS for a job offer will change in three ways:

Points will be awarded for job offers of eligible candidates here on LMIA exempt work permits.

Many people in Canada temporarily on an employer specific LMIA-exempt work permit, but who want to stay in Canada permanently, will no longer need to get an LMIA to be awarded job offer points by the CRS. This includes candidates who are here under the North America Free Trade Agreement, a federal-provincial agreement, Mobilité Francophone, or who are intra-company transferees. The candidates must meet certain criteria, such as at least one year of work experience from the same employer who is providing their job offer.

Job offers will only need to be a minimum of one year in duration once they receive permanent residence.

By changing the job offer requirement from permanent to one year means that more highly skilled candidates working in contract-based industries will have a higher likelihood of receiving an invitation to apply for permanent residence.

Points awarded for job offers will be reduced.

A total of 50 points will be awarded to candidates with a valid job offer in a National Occupational Classification (NOC) 0, A or B occupation, while a total of 200 points will be awarded to candidates with a valid job offer in a NOC 00 occupation.

The number of points awarded for a job offer, often made it hard for highly skilled candidates without job offers to get an invitation to apply. This change means Canada will now welcome more highly skilled candidates whose skills and experience will help support and grow our economy.

The change in points for job offers will now also better recognize the skills and experience required for the job, together with the value that it brings to the economy.

Education

On November 19, 2016, points will be awarded by the CRS for education obtained in Canada in the following way:

Points will be awarded for study in Canada above high school.

The CRS will award 15 points for a one- or two-year diploma or certificate and 30 points for a degree, diploma or certificate of three years or longer including a Master’s, professional or doctoral degree.

With these changes, more former international students will be able to transition to permanent residence using the Express Entry system. Former international students are a key source of candidates in Express Entry because of their age, education, skills and experience. In addition to the time already spent in Canada, integrating into Canadian society permanently will be easier because they will have established social networks and familiarized themselves with life in Canada.

Applications

On November 19, 2016, applications will be treated in the following way:

Candidates will have 90 days to complete an application for permanent residence if they get an invitation to apply. This will give candidates more time to gather all the required documentation and submit a complete application.

It is to be noted that the new rules have not touched the 600 points a candidate receives if he/she is issued with a nomination certificate from a Canadian province (except for Quebec).  One might also note that the IRCC did not include in these new rules any points to be awarded for candidates who have close relatives in Canada, as heralded when the Liberals won the last elections.

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ROMANIANS AND BULGARIANS WILL TRAVEL TO CANADA VISA-FREE ON DECEMBER 1, 2017

Canada announces its intention to allow all Romanians and Bulgarians to travel to Canada visa-free on December 1, 2017

October 31, 2016 — Ottawa, Ontario – The Honourable John McCallum, Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship, announced today the Government of Canada’s intention to lift the visa requirements for Romanian and Bulgarian citizens on December 1, 2017. It demonstrates the importance that the Government of Canada places on its relationship with both countries and with the EU more broadly.

In the lead-up to the full visa lifts, Canada intends to implement partial lifts for eligible Romanian and Bulgarian citizens travelling to Canada for May 1, 2017. Romanian and Bulgarian citizens who have held a Canadian temporary resident visa in the past 10 years or who currently hold a valid United States (U.S.) non-immigrant visa would not require a temporary resident visa and would be able to fly to or transit through Canada with an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) instead of a visa.

Over the coming months, Canadian officials will continue to work with the European Commission and with the Romanian and Bulgarian governments on migration-related issues to lay the groundwork for a successful transition to visa-free travel.

Lifting the visa requirements for Romania and Bulgaria will mean visa-free travel to Canada for citizens of all EU member states.

 

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IRCC’S FORWARD PROJECTIONS FOR IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS

IRCC’S FORWARD PROJECTIONS FOR IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS.

Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has recently released a major announcement concerning expected changes to several immigration regulations.

Government departments periodically release Forward Regulatory Plans to outline their planned changes and actions. These releases are intended to inform the public and businesses, in order to enable stakeholders to plan for the future. Various objectives regarding the immigration issues were put forward, which are summarized below.

Changes to Repeal of the Live-in Caregiver Program
On November 30, 2014, the Government of Canada announced that the Live-In Caregiver Program would be suspended, and that two new programs – the Caring for Children Class and the Caring for People with High Medical Needs Class – would take its place. These replacement programs still provide a pathway to permanent residence. Meanwhile, individuals in Canada under the Live-in Caregiver Program may continue to be eligible for permanent residence, if their initial Live-in Caregiver work permit was based on a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) requested on or before November 30, 2014.

Changes to Business Immigration Programs
Following the termination of the federal Immigrant Investor and Entrepreneur Programs in 2014, the Forward Regulatory Plan states that a regulatory proposal will be developed to remove these programs from the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPA).

Changes to the International Mobility Program
The International Mobility Program (IMP) is a temporary foreign worker program run by IRCC, separate from the Temporary Foreign Worker program run by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC). Its mandate is to facilitate the entry of LMIA-exempt foreign nationals in order to respond to Canada’s labour needs and advance national economic and cultural interests. The Forward Regulatory Plan proposes amending the IMP to exclude diplomatic missions and certain international organizations, from employer compliance criteria. The intention is to ease mobility between countries and comply with international agreements of which Canada is a part.

Changes to the Maximum Age in the Definition of Dependent Child
IRCC proposes to increase the maximum age of a dependent child accompanying a principal applicant on an application. Currently, unmarried children aged 19 and under may be included on an application. The intention is to enable more immigrants to bring their children with them, and reduce the need for multiple applications within a family. No definite age was proposed for the change.

Changes to Conditional Permanent Residence for New Sponsored Spouses
Currently, sponsored spouses who have been married for less than two years or who have no children with their spouse at the time of application are granted conditional permanent residence. Consequently, they are required to live with their spouse for two years following their arrival in Canada in order to maintain their permanent residence status. While no concrete changes were proposed in the “Forward regulatory plan: 2016-2018”, IRCC states that the proposal to change this requirement arose from concerns of the effect the requirement has on vulnerable spouses.

Changes to Support the Expansion of Eligibility for the Electronic Travel Authorization
In 2015, it was announced that certain categories of low-risk travellers from Brazil, Bulgaria, and Romania — countries whose citizens need Temporary Resident Visas (TRVs) in order to enter Canada — would be exempt from the TRV requirement. Regulatory changes are required to allow nationals of these three countries who have held a Canadian temporary resident visa in the last 10 years, or who hold a valid United States non-immigrant visa, to obtain an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) instead of a TRV for travel to Canada by air.
The Forward Regulatory Plan also states that changes to the information sharing policy with the United States are required, to account for a new immigration information sharing connection to confirm the validity of a visa.

Changes to Support the Expansion of Biometrics
Certain amendments to the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR) are required, in order to align with legislative changes to the IRPA that allow for the expansion of biometrics.

Changes to Support Five Country Conference Information Sharing
This objective intends to improve and support information sharing between the immigration authorities of Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. (The fifth country in the Five Country Conference is the United States, which is not mentioned in this objective of the Forward Regulatory Plan). Amendments will be introduced to the IRPA to establish the scope of immigration information sharing — what may be shared, whose information may be shared, and how it may be shared.

Changes to Support Further Enhancements to the In-Canada Asylum System
The Forward Regulatory Plan states that amendments to the IRPR will be needed to support enhancements to the in-Canada asylum system. These enhancements are still being developed, and no concrete amendments were proposed in this objective.

Changes to Support the Electronic Administration/Processing of Applications under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act
Following amendments made in 2015 to increase the use of electronic processing systems, the Forward Regulatory Plan defines anticipated changes that will enable IRCC and other authorities to use electronic tools and systems, including automated processing systems.
IRCC intends to make regulations that will:
• Specify details regarding the technology and systems to be used and matters relating to that system (e.g. the date/time when electronic documents or information are deemed to be sent or received);
• Require the use of an electronic system or means in certain circumstances (including an e-payment system), as well as to specify exceptions to that requirement (e.g. in cases of disability);
• Prescribe circumstances where the Minister may direct the use of alternate means to the use of the electronic system (e.g. in cases of natural disasters);
• Specify where a non-electronic application or other document should be sent.

Changes to Support Changes to the Citizenship Act
Following commitments from the Prime Minister and the Liberal Party of Canada to amend the Citizenship Act, the Forward Regulatory Plan states that a proposal will be developed to amend citizenship regulations to support changes to the Citizenship Act. Specifically, the Government committed to repeal provisions in the Citizenship Act that give the government the right to strip citizenship from dual nationals and to provide greater flexibility for applicants trying to meet the requirements for citizenship.

One might easily notice though, that important matters such as the Express Entry system and the Provincial Nominee Programs are not mentioned in this Forward Regulatory Plan. However, the intention to reshape their current structure was a substantial part of the electoral program heralded by the Liberals prior to coming into power, so we trust they will not be forgotten.

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GOVERNMENT OF CANADA: NO LMIA REQUIRED FOR FRANCOPHONE PROFESSIONALS AND TRADESPEOPLE SETTLING OUTSIDE QUEBEC.

GOVERNMENT OF CANADA: NO LMIA REQUIRED FOR FRANCOPHONE PROFESSIONALS AND TRADESPEOPLE SETTLING OUTSIDE QUEBEC.

On March 17, 2016, IRCC (Immigration, Refugee and Citizenship Canada) has announced that, starting from June 1, 2016, the Mobilité Francophone stream will exempt employers from the Labour Market Impact Assessment process when they hire francophone workers in managerial, professional and technical/skilled trades occupations from abroad to work in francophone minority communities outside of Quebec.

We will keep you posted with details as soon as they emerge. In the meantime, don’t hesitate to contact us if you wish to hire or be hired using this tremendous opportunity that relieve the employers of the burden of proving that they tried to hire local personnel and from paying to Employment Canada $1000 for each temporary foreign worker.

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MASSIVE LIBERAL OVERHAUL OF THE CANADIAN IMMIGRATION SYSTEM

MASSIVE LIBERAL OVERHAUL OF THE CANADIAN IMMIGRATION SYSTEM

Immigration Minister John McCallum has recently announced that the Government is going “to be producing radical changes to the citizenship bill” in that they will scale back knowledge requirements the Tories implemented in 2006, which required that new immigrants aged 14 to 64 pass a test about Canadian rights and responsibilities, based on a booklet provided by the government. The Liberals also plan to scrap a language proficiency requirement the Tories enacted in 2014. Since that time, prospective citizens have had to demonstrate an adequate grasp of English or French either by taking a third-party test or by providing evidence of language training by government funded language-training programs, which are provided for free.

According to Liberals this was problematic, because often times, families are sponsoring elders and grandparents at a very elderly age and it is very challenging and difficult for them to be at such a high proficiency of English or French. Those new Canadians play an important role to look after children to be there and to support the family, not to mention their right to participate in the political life of their new country.

It appears the Liberals plan to revert to something resembling the immigration system that existed under their watch in the early 2000s — which had no language proficiency requirements and only required immigrants aged 18 to 54 to pass a multiple choice general knowledge test about Canada.

During the recent Canadian national election, the Liberal Party of the newly-elected Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, proposed numerous other reforms to Canada’s immigration system. The upcoming changes will affect various categories as detailed below:

– The Parent and Grandparent annual sponsorship cap will be doubled, from 5,000 to 10,000 visas, allowing more parents and grandparents to immigrate to Canada in 2016. Additionally, the budget for handling family class immigration applications will be doubled, allowing reduced wait times for families.

– Candidates who have close relatives in Canada will be able to receive more points on their Express Entry profile, thus eliminating the discrepancy between the points they receive under the Federal Skilled Workers Program (FSWP) and those they ultimately gain when assessed under the Express Entry rules.

– The two year waiting period for “Conditional Permanent Residence” for individuals sponsored by their Canadian spouses/common-law partners will be bypassed.

– The maximum age for dependent children will be restored from 19 to 22, making it easier for immigrants to bring their older dependents to Canada.

– The $1,000 Labor Market Impact Assessment fee for families seeking caregivers for members with mental or physical illness will be eliminated.

– Refugees or protection seekers awaiting a decision regarding their case by the government will be again entitled to free healthcare.

– The Canadian Citizenship residency time credit will be restored for holders of work and study permits who subsequently become permanent residents.

Not everybody is happy with these changes. Conservative pundits and columnists are increasingly vocal in claiming that the coming reforms, while pretending to fix the mistakes made by the Tories, will actually steer backwards Canada as a whole. We’ll live and see.

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THE COMING INTO FORCE OF EXPRESS ENTRY

HOT NEWS:

The new Express Entry system has been in operation since  January 1, 2015.  Until now, most  Invitations to Apply (ITA) have been issued for candidates with validated job offers and provincial nominations, but the trend seem to be towards accepting more and more candidates that obtain a number of points under 600, which means that they do not have validated job offers or provincial nominations; however, to reach scores close to 600 they must display high level of education and high proficiency in one or both Canadian official languages.

According to the current instructions, the determination as to whether a foreign national who is included in the express entry pool of candidates occupies the rank required in order to be issued an ITA will be made using the total number of points assigned to  him/her based on the information provided in their “expression of interest” and using the Comprehensive Ranking System that consists of the following components:

(a) core human capital factors;

(b) accompanying spouse or common-law partner factors;

(c) skill transferability factors; and

(d) factors relating to a provincial nomination or a qualifying offer of arranged employment.

The core human capital factors are the following:

(1) age;

(2) level of education;

(3) official language proficiency; and

(4) Canadian work experience.

The skill transferability factors are the following:

(1) level of education (again);

(2) foreign work experience; and

(3) Canadian certificate of qualification in a trade occupation.

The total number of points that may be assigned under the Comprehensive Ranking System is 1200 points, allocated as follows:

(a) for a foreign national who has no accompanying spouse or common-law partner

(i) a maximum of 500 points for the core human capital factors,

(ii) a maximum of 100 points for skill transferability factors, and

(iii) a maximum of 600 points for either a provincial nomination or a qualifying offer of arranged employment; and

(b) for a foreign national who has an accompanying spouse or common-law partner

(i) a maximum of 460 points for the core human capital factors,

(ii) a maximum of 40 points for accompanying spouse or common-law partner factors,

(iii) a maximum of 100 points for skill transferability factors, and

(iv) a maximum of 600 points for either a provincial nomination or a qualifying offer of arranged employment.

Candidates who do not benefit of  such a job offer must register with the Job Bank of the Department of Employment and Social Development not later than 30 days after the day on which they submit their expression of interest, which can only be made using the Internet.  If a foreign national is unable to submit an expression of interest by means of the electronic system because of a physical or mental disability, it may be submitted by another means made available by the Department of Citizenship and Immigration for that purpose that would enable the foreign national to submit the expression of interest, including a paper form.

The allocation of points is designed in such a way as to allow for combinations between various core human capital factors and skill transferability factors.  Thus, the Ministerial Instructions indicate the number of points a candidate deserves for a combination of level of education (skill transferability factors) and official language proficiency (core human capital factor), then for a combination of level of education and Canadian work experience, for a combination of foreign work experience and official language proficiency, for a combination of Canadian work experience and foreign work experience, and so on.

It deserves to be noted that the Express Entry system does not replace the “traditional” immigration programs, such as Federal Skilled Workers, Canadian Experience Class and Federal Skilled Trades. To be included in the Express Entry pool, candidates must first qualify for one of these programs.  For instance, federal skilled workers must demonstrate a level of language skills equal or higher that the level 7 of the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB).

As regards the number of points necessary for a candidate to be issued an Invitation to Apply, it l fluctuates from a draw to another based essentially on  the number of candidates available in the pool.  So, the sooner you enter the pool, the higher your chances to get an ITA.

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FOR A BETTER WAY OF PROVIDING SERVICE: A TIMELY AND PROFESSIONAL PREPARATION OF YOUR “EXPRESS ENTRY” PROFILE

FOR A BETTER WAY OF PROVIDING SERVICE: A TIMELY AND PROFESSIONAL PREPARATION OF YOUR “EXPRESS ENTRY” PROFILE

January 1, 2015 is rapidly approaching and, with it, the coming into force of a completely different way of processing applications under four of the current selection programs for economic immigrants: FSW (Federal Skilled Workers), FST (Federal Skilled Trades), CEC (Canadian Experience Class) and PNP (Provincial Nominee Programs). What follows concerns in particular the FSW program, still the most popular among the candidates, but contains the general principles for the whole selection process that will change the face of the Canadian immigration for years to come.

The main elements of the new system can be found directly in the CIC (Citizenship and Immigration Canada) website by clicking here. We present you below with  some hot news shared by CIC representatives present at the CAPIC National Conference on 7 and 8 November 2014.

1) Starting with January 1, 2015 any candidate will be able to enter his/her personal information in a CIC database from which a so-called “Express Entry Profile” will be created for them. With this operation one has not achieved anything yet. It follows a waiting period  at the end of which he/she will receive or not  an invitation to submit the application itself (ITA: Invitation to Apply), depending on:
a) How skillful the candidate was to enter information into the database so as to arouse the interest of CIC;  of tremendous importance will be the optimal choice of the intended occupation and of the destination in Canada (in tune with the dynamics of the local labor market).
b) How many are her/his competitors at the time when  CIC proceeds to the selection, because there will be annual quotas of cases to be accepted and specific quotas for each draw (see below).
c) Whether or not the candidate benefits  of a job offer validated  by  ESDC (Employment and Social Development Canada); CIC is however aware that only a small fraction of the candidates will be able to secure such offers, so the selection will be mainly operated based on conditions “a”  and “b” above. Nonetheless, candidates are encouraged to register with Job Bank, the official site of ESDC  in the hope that they will stirr the interest of a potential employer.
2) Before issuing an ITA, CIC will conduct a preliminary selection of those enrolled, after which it  will create a “pool”  of potential candidates that will include those who, based on their own statements, appear to meet the requirements of age, education, professional experience and languages skills to be announced. In order to be become a member of the “pool”, a candidate must also prove that he/she has already satisfied two important conditions: it has successfully passed a language test and has obtained an educational credential assessment  (ECA) from a Canadian institution accredited by the CIC. So, before having the slightest idea about what will happen next, the candidate is expected to incur considerable expenses solely in order to participate in pre-selection.
3) Having established the “pool” (that is periodically refreshed based on new entries in the database and updates made by those already in), CIC will proceed to periodic “draws”   (following criteria not disclosed to the public) that nominate those who are retained for further processing. This is not a lottery such as in USA; only those candidates are retained who have been placed at the top of the pyramid, i.e. those whom CIC considers to be most likely to quickly integrate into the labor market and, in general, to establish themselves successfully in Canada. Although the order of entry in the database does not matter (this is actually the most spectacular innovation of the new system: it has abandoned the principle of “first come, first served”), it is obvious that the fewer the number of those enrolled prior to the draw, the greater the chances of being closer to the top.
4) Those selected at each drawing receive invitations to submit the application (ITA) and have a maximum of 60 days at their disposal to do so. If they fail, they are eliminated. Once the application has been filed  (provided it is complete, otherwise the candidate is  eliminated too), CIC promises that immigrant visas will be issued within six months.
5) Those who have not received an ITA within one year will be deleted from the database, but are free to try again next year, and so on …

It therefore follows that any error or omission (hard to avoid given of the complexity of the new system) may, in each of the above steps, be conducive to failure, with the prospect at all attractive for an (obstinate) candidate of  returning each year with the hope that this time it is going to end well. The alternative is clear: seek professional assistance; hire an authorized representative. Before you make up your mind, consider the fundamental mutation that the new procedures have brought into the way the selection operates. Indeed, until now the major candidates’ concern was to make sure that they meet the selection criteria (known to all), that they get the points needed in order to reach the pass-mark, and that their occupation is on the list posted by CIC.  From 1 January 2015 there will be NO list of occupations (the only condition: the occupation must belong to one of the first three levels of NOCNational Occupational Classification), but meeting the selection criteria will not provide any guarantee that the person concerned will receive the actual invitation to submit the application (ITA). The real challenge consists in eliminating the competition and ensuring a position as  near as possible to the top of the pyramid! This, until the moment the candidate receives the ITA; then, he or she must make sure that the actual application is filed within the sixty-day deadline and that it contains no discrepancies whatsoever when assessed against the  candidate’s “Express Entry Profile” created at the very beginning of the process.  Such discrepancies, even minor, will result in thwarting all the efforts made by the candidate until that moment.

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APPLYING UNDER THE FEDERAL SKILLED TRADES PROGRAM

APPLYING UNDER THE FEDERAL SKILLED TRADES PROGRAM

The Federal Skilled Trades Program is for people who want to become permanent residents based on being qualified in a skilled trade.

To be eligible, a candidate must:

  • plan to live outside the province of Quebec (the province of Quebec chooses its own skilled workers)
  • meet the required levels in English or French for each language ability (speaking, reading, writing, and listening),
  • have at least two years of full-time work experience (or an equal amount of part-time work experience) in a skilled trade within the five years before he/she applies,
  • meet all job requirements for that skilled trade as set out in the National Occupational Classification (NOC), and
  • have an offer of full-time employment for a total period of at least one year or a certificate of qualification in that skilled trade issued by a provincial or territorial body.

To avoid backlogs and ensure fast processing times, Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) will accept no more than 5,000 complete federal skilled trade applications for processing as of May 1, 2014. These are the last applications CIC will accept under the current system before Express Entry launches in January 2015.

Within the 5,000 cap, no more than 100 new applications for each job will be considered for processing.

In total, 90 jobs will be eligible to apply under the Federal Skilled Trades program this year. The specific codes from the 2011 version of the NOC are provided below as the applicants must include these in their application forms.

The caps apply whether or not people have a qualifying offer of employment or a certificate of qualification from a provincial or territorial apprenticeship authority.

Applications will be processed in the order CIC receives them.

  • 6321 Chefs
  • 6322 Cooks
  • 6331 Butchers, meat cutters and fishmongers – retail and wholesale
  • 6332 Bakers
  • 7201 Contractors and supervisors, machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades and related occupations
  • 7202 Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations
  • 7203 Contractors and supervisors, pipefitting trades
  • 7204 Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades
  • 7205 Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers
  • 7231 Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors
  • 7232 Tool and die makers
  • 7233 Sheet metal workers
  • 7234 Boilermakers
  • 7235 Structural metal and plate work fabricators and fitters
  • 7236 Ironworkers
  • 7237 Welders and related machine operators
  • 7241 Electricians (except industrial and power system)
  • 7242 Industrial electricians
  • 7243 Power system electricians
  • 7244 Electrical power line and cable workers
  • 7245 Telecommunications line and cable workers
  • 7246 Telecommunications installation and repair workers
  • 7247 Cable television service and maintenance technicians
  • 7251 Plumbers
  • 7252 Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers
  • 7253 Gas fitters
  • 7271 Carpenters
  • 7272 Cabinetmakers
  • 7281 Bricklayers
  • 7282 Concrete finishers
  • 7283 Tilesetters
  • 7284 Plasterers, drywall installers and finishers and lathers
  • 7291 Roofers and shinglers
  • 7292 Glaziers
  • 7293 Insulators
  • 7294 Painters and decorators (except interior decorators)
  • 7295 Floor covering installers
  • 7301 Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades
  • 7302 Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews
  • 7303 Supervisors, printing and related occupations
  • 7304 Supervisors, railway transport operations
  • 7305 Supervisors, motor transport and other ground transit operators
  • 7311 Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics
  • 7312 Heavy-duty equipment mechanics
  • 7313 Refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics
  • 7314 Railway carmen/women
  • 7315 Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors
  • 7316 Machine fitters
  • 7318 Elevator constructors and mechanics
  • 7321 Automotive service technicians, truck and bus mechanics and mechanical repairers
  • 7322 Motor vehicle body repairers
  • 7331 Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics
  • 7332 Appliance servicers and repairers
  • 7333 Electrical mechanics
  • 7334 Motorcycle, all-terrain vehicle and other related mechanics
  • 7335 Other small engine and small equipment repairers
  • 7361 Railway and yard locomotive engineers
  • 7362 Railway conductors and brakemen/women
  • 7371 Crane operators
  • 7372 Drillers and blasters – surface, mining, quarrying and construction
  • 7373 Water well drillers
  • 7381 Printing press operators
  • 7384 Other trades and related occupations, n.e.c.
  • 8211 Supervisors, logging and forestry
  • 8221 Supervisors, mining and quarrying
  • 8222 Contractors and supervisors, oil and gas drilling services
  • 8231 Underground production and development miners
  • 8232 Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers and related workers
  • 8241 Logging machinery operators
  • 8252 Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers
  • 8255 Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services
  • 8261 Fishing masters and officers
  • 8262 Fishermen/women
  • 9211 Supervisors, mineral and metal processing
  • 9212 Supervisors, petroleum, gas and chemical processing and utilities
  • 9213 Supervisors, food, beverage and associated products processing
  • 9214 Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing
  • 9215 Supervisors, forest products processing
  • 9217 Supervisors, textile, fabric, fur and leather products processing and manufacturing
  • 9221 Supervisors, motor vehicle assembling
  • 9222 Supervisors, electronics manufacturing
  • 9223 Supervisors, electrical products manufacturing
  • 9224 Supervisors, furniture and fixtures manufacturing
  • 9226 Supervisors, other mechanical and metal products manufacturing
  • 9227 Supervisors, other products manufacturing and assembly
  • 9231 Central control and process operators, mineral and metal processing
  • 9232 Petroleum, gas and chemical process operators
  • 9235 Pulping, papermaking and coating control operators
  • 9241 Power engineers and power systems operators
  • 9243 Water and waste treatment plant operators
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